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Moor -- Information ethics: its nature and scope / Luciano Floridi -- The transformation of the public sphere: political authority, communicative freedom, and Internet publics / James Bohman -- Democracy and the Internet / Cass R. Notable examples are situations in which the law, or the way law is applied, is considered unethical ('wrong' is the typical description) by sufficient numbers of people to pressure the legal system to change.

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This indicates that surrogacy contracts are illegitimate, and therefore should be void. (shrink) Anca Gheaus (2014). To Kant, however, moral action requires (1) that one mean and try to act in conformity to the requirements of morality, and (2) that one's motivation is entirely the disinterested consciousness of duty -- although the latter is what is essential, and the good will and moral sufficiency of action remains even if there is some practical impediment or failure in carrying out the action itself.

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Other religions spanning pantheistic to nontheistic tend to be less absolute. Many Romans adopted the philosophy as a way of life or art of living (téchnê peri tón bion in the ancient Greek)--as it was intended by the Greeks--and it is from the complete documents of imperial period Romans, especially the writings of Seneca (4 BC-65 AD), Epictetus (c. 55-135) and Marcus Aurelius (121-180) that we gain most of our information about the ethical system of the original Stoics. I mention all of this because one of the most useful things one can ask about an ethical theory or a class of ethical theories is what kind of relationship it establishes between the right and the two different types of good.

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The policeman who arrives at the scene arrests them for not having interfered with the crime. The New York Review of Books, May 1, 1975. � Sex in the Head. Nevertheless, Christians have often drawn the conclusion from the story of Adam and Eve that sex itself was sinful and that, as Jesus says there will be no marriage in Heaven, this also means that there will be no sex in Heaven. No, maximization of well-being of all people has nothing to do with morality. Our natural tendencies, the raw material we are born with, are shaped and developed through a long and gradual process of education and habituation. *Virtue is determined by the right reason.

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There are “oughts” other than our moral duties, according to Kant, but these oughts are distinguished from the moral ought in being based on a quite different kind of principle, one that is the source of hypothetical imperatives. Ethical considerations comprise several variables in one combination or another, if you are striving for real objectivity: 'The greater good' - the flip-side of the issue; i.e., what are the other options and their consequences - the costs or implications of the choices?

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Metaethics, on the other hand, asks philosophical questions about ethics, rather than ethical questions per se. "What is value?" rather than "What has value?" Excerpted from The President of Good and Evil, New York, 2004. � Ethics and Sociobiology. That is, there could be a morally erring individual or culture, such as Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany. We might teach them reading, writing, math, and computer skills. There is however, says your neurologist, an innovative clinical trial under way that might reduce the frequency and severity of your seizures.

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Note: moral principles are subjective, relative, differing in place and time. Before the baptismal service was over, police came to put a stop to it. Thomas, in his commentaries on the political and ethical writings of the Stagirite, in his "Summa contra Gentiles" and his "Quaestiones disputatae, treated with his wonted clearness and penetration nearly the whole range of ethics in a purely philosophical manner, so that even to the present day his words are an inexhaustible source whence ethics draws its supply.

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Prerequisites: graduate standing or consent of instructor. For example a moral person must not take BRIBE, but another person who is not moral and takes bribes may turn out to be in a financially better position. Understand that this life is the only one we have. One thing I mean by "explain yourself fully" is that, when you have a good point, you shouldn't just toss it off in one sentence. This moral clash causes the viewer to witness the virtue in other people, and interpret the value of life.

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Francis Schaeffer explains the uniqueness of Christian ethics: �One of the distinctions of the Judeo-Christian God is that not all things are the same to Him. Therefore imperatives are only formulæ to express the relation of objective laws of all volition to the subjective imperfection of the will of this or that rational being, e. g. the human will. If I want to receive bribes or kickbacks, that does not make it right to tolerate a system of bribes or kickbacks.

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I affirm merely that we cannot be sure that there are objective standards. The 26 remaining subjects, 65% of the total, continued on to 450 volts. The New York Review of Books, May 1, 1975. � Sex in the Head. With what consequences is now very clearly apparent, since it has been demonstrated in many instances how the errors of the greatest philosophers usually have their point of departure in a false explanation of certain human actions and sensations; ...a false ethics is erected, religion and mythological monsters are then in turn called to buttress it, and the shadow of these dismal spirits in the end falls even across physics and the entire perception of the world.